ANTH 101 - Introduction to Anthropology

Anthropology was first envisioned as a holistic discipline, combining insights from the study of human anatomy and evolution, research on material remains of human settlements, and the analysis of social interaction in language and other cultural practices. Following this tradition, this course explores the questions about where humans came from, how societies live and communicate, and why human cultural groups vary. This course can be used to fulfill either Western or non-Western general education categories, but not both.

ANTH 102 - Human Origins and Culture

Introduction to human evolutionary biology focusing on the biological processes responsible for our evolution. Draws on a diverse range of disciplines- evolutionary biology, population genetics, comparative anatomy, primatology, archaeology, geology and paleoecology to provide context for interpreting the fossil and archaeological evidence for humans' biological origin and evolution and early cultural change.

ANTH 103 - Anthro in a Changing World

Presents the fundamental areas of anthropological analysis through a series of comparative cases that emphasize social and cultural relations in global contexts. Directs attention to the anthropological history of global empires and colonial states, their cultural exchanges, and contemporary studies of culture, society, and globalization. This course can be used to fulfill either Western or non-Western general education categories, but not both.

ANTH 104 - Talking Culture

Introduction to linguistic anthropology, focusing on the role of language in the creation and maintenance of society and culture and on a person's concept of self within that culture. Demonstrates how language use within a community can serve as the foundation for the analysis of cultural practices. Same as LING 104.

ANTH 105 - World Archaeology

Using archaeological data, traces our prehistoric heritage and the processes which led to the evolution of agriculture, settled villages, and civilization in many areas of the world. Lectures range from the earliest Homo sapiens to Sumeria, Egypt, Mexico, Peru, and the United States.

ANTH 106 - Hist Arch Americas

Explores recent theoretical, methodological, and thematic developments in historical archaeology in North America and the Caribbean. The temporal coverage is 1500-1900 AD. Examines how historical archaeologists use artifactual, documentary and oral history evidence in interpreting the past, and how historical archaeology can contribute to our understanding of the ways by which material culture can be used to study race, class, gender, and ethnic identities. Same as AFRO 106.

ANTH 108 - Religion & Society in West I

Same as JS 108, PHIL 108, REL 108, and SOC 108. See REL 108.

ANTH 109 - Religion & Society in West II

Same as PHIL 109, REL 109, and SOC 109. See REL 109.

ANTH 130 - History of South Asia

Same as HIST 130. See HIST 130.

ANTH 143 - Biology of Human Behavior

Critical consideration of data and information bearing on current controversies and ideas concerning selected aspects of human behavior. Topics to be discussed include communication; social organization; and parental, sexual, and aggressive behavior. Same as HDFS 143.

ANTH 157 - The Archaeology of Illinois

Traces the prehistory of Illinois from the first entry of people into the region more than 113,000 years ago until the 17th century and the beginning of historical records; examines subsequent cultural changes up to the 19th century and statehood from an archaeological and ethnohistorical perspective.

ANTH 160 - Contemporary Social Issues

Course considers how anthropological theory and methods enhance our understanding of contemporary social and political issues, including immigration, education, affirmative action, and welfare. It examines the relationship between social policy and social science as well as the strengths and limits of anthropological methods for social and political issues.

ANTH 165 - Lang & Culture Native North Am

Develops understanding of the rich diversity of languages and cultures found among Native North American peoples from the perspectives of sociocultural and linguistic anthropology. Same as AIS 165.

ANTH 175 - Archaeology and Pop Culture

Examines the ways in which the ancient past has been interpreted, appropriated, represented, used, and misused for a variety of reasons by political parties, national governments, and religious and ethnic groups living in the present.

ANTH 180 - The Archaeology of Death

Cross-cultural introduction to the celebration of death across time and space. Examines the anthropological and archaeological literature on death, particularly in terms of death ritual and burial practices. Students study popular films on death in different cultures, and carry out a field project at a local cemetery.

ANTH 182 - Latin American Cultures

Latin America considered as a theater of conflict and cultural experimentation among Native American, African, and Iberian peoples; their survival and transformation as reported in selected ethnographies and eyewitness sources; and some modern theories and controversies about their experience.

ANTH 184 - Asian American Cultures

Surveys the heterogeneity of contemporary Asian American communities. Explores the core concepts of "culture" and "social organization" through the variety of experiences in the family, churches, business establishments, schools, and other public institutions. Same as AAS 184 and SOC 124.

ANTH 199 - Undergraduate Open Seminar

May be repeated.

ANTH 209 - Food, Culture, and Society

Introduces basic anthropological and sociological methods, concepts and approaches to the study of the food. Explores issues including gender roles, religious influences, family relationships, community sharing, nationalist rituals, and global processes in the production, distribution and consumption of food. Film, ethnographies, and other social science studies will be examined. Same as SOC 269.

ANTH 210 - Families in Global Perspective

Same as HDFS 220. See HDFS 220.

ANTH 220 - Introduction to Archaeology

Introduction to the problems of studying past cultures; special attention given to the ranges of techniques available and the adequacy of various methodologies as bases for sound inference about the structure of extinct cultures. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 222 - Introduction to Modern Africa

Same as AFST 222, PS 242, and SOC 222. See AFST 222.

ANTH 223 - Exploring African Cities

Same as LA 220. See LA 220.

ANTH 224 - Tourist Cities and Sites

Examination of tourism's social, political, economic, cultural, and physical dimensions from an anthropological perspective.

ANTH 225 - Women in Prehistory

Course identifies the presence of women in the archaeological record and seeks to reconstruct women's lives and roles in a range of ancient societies. It also considers the intellectual history of gender studies in archaeology and anthropology. Same as GWS 225.

ANTH 230 - Sociocultural Anthropology

Introduction to the anthropological study of contemporary human societies; emphasis on the comparative study of social organization, interpersonal relations, cultural ecology, and processes of sociocultural change, but also includes some consideration of the method and theory of ethnographic field research.

ANTH 240 - Biological Anthropology

Past and present evolution of the human species and population and individual biological variation; topics include genetic principles relevant to human evolution, primate phylogeny and behavior, fossil evidence for human evolution, and the origin and significance of biological diversity in modern humans. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or ANTH 143; or an introductory life sciences course; or consent of instructor.

ANTH 241 - Human Variation and Race

Examines the biological concept of race as applied and misapplied to Homo sapiens by anthropologists and others from the 18th century to the present and of the origin, nature, and significance of so-called racial variation.

ANTH 242 - History of Human Evolution

Reviews the history of evolution and its controversies from the pre-Darwinians to contemporary debates. Examines disciplinary and wider societal debates and how they affect each other.

ANTH 243 - Sociality of the Great Apes

Examines the social organization, mating patterns, and group structure of free-ranging chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. Presents historical perspective focusing on misconceptions that have colored our understanding of ape social behavior; addresses questions concerned with learning potential, food sharing, social cooperation, aggressive behavior, self-awareness, and the appropriateness of the apes as models for understanding human behavior. Prerequisite: ANTH 102, ANTH 143, or an equivalent course in animal behavior; or consent of instructor.

ANTH 246 - Forensic Science

History and theory underlying methods used in forensic science. Topics include the courtroom, the units of a crime laboratory, methods of securing and investigating a crime scene, and the analysis of evidence collected from a crime scene such as blood, fibers, hair and fingerprints.

ANTH 247 - Forensic Science DNA Lab

Forensic science is the application of science to the law and encompasses a wide variety of scientific disciplines. This course introduces students to general laboratory practice, molecular biology and DNA analysis skill that are commonly used by forensic DNA scientists. Students will learn using a ?hands-on? and interactive approach with many of the same tools used by professional forensic DNA scientists. Prerequisite: ANTH 246.

ANTH 249 - Evolution and Human Disease

Principles of modern evolutionary theory are applied to medical problems. Topics include: transmission, pathogen strategies, symptoms and spectrum of disease, evolution of virulence, concept of cause, antimicrobial resistance, emerging diseases, stress and adaptation, nutrition, diachronic overview of changing patterns of human disease, and ecological factors.

ANTH 250 - The World Through Museums

Same as MUSE 250. See MUSE 250.

ANTH 258 - Sex in Nature and Culture

A simultaneous exploration of human sexuality from a biological and cultural perspective. Same as GWS 258.

ANTH 259 - Latina/o Cultures

Introduction to the Spanish-speaking population of the United States, including demography, history, economics, and culture; emphasis on Mexican-Americans and Puerto Ricans, although other Spanish-speaking groups are also considered. Same as LLS 259. Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 261 - Intro to the African Diaspora

Same as AFRO 261. See AFRO 261.

ANTH 262 - Women's Lives

Perceptions of women, their perceptions of themselves, and their varying roles and statuses in several contemporary societies in diverse countries; supervised ethnographic observation of women's behavior. Same as GWS 262.

ANTH 266 - African Film and Society

Introduction to African cinema as a contemporary art form and as a window on the social and cultural realities of Africa. The course includes discussion of modern African culture, the African film industry, and African cinema as an art form and as popular entertainment. Same as AFST 266.

ANTH 267 - Memoirs of Africa

Course introduces Africa to students who have read little or nothing about the continent, the course provides a "user-friendly" approach by offering engagingly written narratives of actual lives lived. The texts may be a combination of memoirs written by Africans (about their childhood experiences growing up in various regions of Africa) and by non-African scholars and other authors (including but not limited to anthropologists) who have spent significant amounts of time on the continent. Same as AFST 267. Prerequisite: Completion of Campus Composition I general requirement.

ANTH 268 - Images of the Other

Do all peoples view neighboring or distant populations as radically different "Others," or can humans create mutual images based on a notion of shared humanity? Course compares and analyzes the range of images of ethnic, "racial," gender, class, and bodily differences that have been enacted historically and cross-culturally in both Western and non-Western populations. Prerequisite: A previous course in history and/or one of the social sciences suggested.

ANTH 270 - Language in Culture

Examines the intersections of culture and language. Topics include the definition of language; the cultural shaping of narrative; how different linguistic systems guide speakers to think differently about the world; and how ideologies about language relate to beliefs about the nation, modernity, race, and gender. Credit is not given for both ANTH 270 and ANTH 271.

ANTH 271 - Language in Culture-ACP

Course is identical to ANTH 270 except for the additional writing component. Credit is not given for both ANTH 271 and ANTH 270. Prerequisite: Completion of campus Composition I general education requirement.

ANTH 277 - Ancient Cities, Sacred Land

Examines urban development from its origins to the present day. Among the concepts covered are urbanism, urbanization, ceremonial centers and ceremonial cities, the city as a system, the spatial and economic organization of cities, and the built environment (sacred landscapes, vernacular architecture, places of power). Small field project is conducted in Champaign-Urbana.

ANTH 278 - Climate Change & Civilization

Examination of how climate change impacts society. With the increasing need to understand how climate changes and society intersect at present, it is becoming important that we address critical questions about how lessons from the past inform present needs. Case studies from around the world are discussed.

ANTH 284 - Adv Topics in Asian America

Considers a number of theoretical and methodological topics in sociocultural anthropology through ethnographic writings on Asian America. Theoretical topics include transnationalism, colonialism, resistance, culture, race, and identity. Methodological topics include fieldwork, ethnographic writing (including the blurring of genres) and ethics. Same as AAS 284. Prerequisite: ANTH 184 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 285 - Intro to Korea Through Film

Same as EALC 285. See EALC 285.

ANTH 286 - Southeast Asian Civilizations

Overviews the cultural and institutional history of the Indianized states and Vietnam, with attention to dominant commercial, political, religious, artistic, and social traditions of Southeast Asia. Same as ASST 286 and HIST 225.

ANTH 287 - Contemporary East Asia

Same as EALC 288. See EALC 288.

ANTH 288 - American Indians of Illinois

An interdisciplinary survey of the Native American experience in the Illinois region from pre-Columbian times to the present. Introduces theories, concepts and methods in archaeology, history, and sociocultural anthropology. Includes archaeological field site and museum visits, plus guest lectures by American Indian scholars and community members. Same as AIS 288 and HIST 288.

ANTH 290 - Jewish Cultures of the World

Survey of the world's Jewish cultures with a particular focus on the non-Western world. Addresses the relations between Judaism and other religious systems and the nature of Jewish life in such locales as North Africa, Subsaharan Africa, India, China, and South America.

ANTH 341 - Native People and Christianity

Same as REL 341. See REL 341.

ANTH 342 - Animal Behavior

Same as ANSC 366 and IB 329. See IB 329.

ANTH 343 - Behavior and Biology of Women

Exploration of female biology and behavior in a broad evolutionary context. Explores development from pre-puberty through menopause, reproductive processes such as pregnancy, birth and lactation, cognitive and behavioral sex differences, and male and female reproductive strategies in a variety of cultural settings. Examples are drawn primarily from traditional and modern human societies as well as field and experimental data from other species, particularly non-human primates. Prerequisite: ANTH 143 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 346 - Forensic Anthropology

Analysis of human skeletal remains of the medico-legal profession. Topics include the development of the field of forensic anthropology, biological profile and skeletal trauma analysis, interval since death estimation. Additional topics include investigation of crime scenes, the legal role of the biological anthropologist as an expert witness and case report preparation. Attention will also be drawn to the incorporation of anthropological and ethical approaches to dealing with death and using human remains for research. Prerequisite: ANTH 240 and ANTH 246.

ANTH 347 - Human Osteology

Comprehensive knowledge of the human skeleton is central to reconstructing the anatomy, demography, health and evolution of past populations because most of our evidence is derived from preserved skeletal and dental remains. The primary goal of this course is the identification of isolated and fragmentary skeletal remains given that this is a prerequisite to all subsequent analysis. In addition to identifying the bones and landmarks of the human skeleton, students will learn about the structure and function of bone, understand the growth and development of the human skeleton and be introduced to analytical techniques used in human osteology including paleopathology, paleodemography and forensics. Prerequisite: ANTH 240.

ANTH 358 - People of the Ice Age

Explores a vast period of human prehistory - 2 million to 10,000 years ago - before the first cities arose and before people domesticated plants and animals in the Old World; uses archaeological and paleoanthropological data to understand past life ways as well as reasons for change through time in human adaptation. Prerequisite: ANTH 102.

ANTH 360 - Evolution and Human Health

Same as IB 360. See IB 360.

ANTH 361 - Ecology and Human Health

Same as IB 361. See IB 361.

ANTH 362 - Body, Personhood, and Culture

Examines basic cultural assumptions about the human body and what it means to be a "person" in Western and non-Western societies. Addresses key themes in cultural anthropology and the social sciences concerning the relationship of the individual and society and of nature and culture.

ANTH 363 - Anth of Dance/Movement

Anthropological study of dance and other human movement systems in cultural contexts. Designed especially for students with little or no background in socio-cultural anthropology or the social sciences. Includes reading the works of major figures in the field, and learning how to study dances, signed languages and ritual events from an anthropological perspective. Students will also learn about socio-cultural theory and observation, doing fieldwork, movement literacy, problems of subjectivity and objectivity, and personal anthropology.

ANTH 364 - Performing "America"

Introduction to theories of performance and performativity or enactment, and applies these to an understanding of public events like political rallies, music, the arts, protests, and everyday life in the U.S. Emphasis on how these practices of production and consumption help articulate social identity, including gendered, sexual, racial/ethnic, religious, class, and generational affiliations. Focus on the contemporary U.S. with comparative case studies drawn from other parts of the world and some historical materials. Draws on anthropological studies, as well as scholarly literatures from communication studies, literature, the arts, and social history. Prerequisite: At least one course in anthropology or the social sciences.

ANTH 368 - 'America' in the World

Study of the lure and rejection of the U.S. around the world, by drawing on long-standing anthropological approaches to the histories of peoplehood, selfhood, and otherness. Examines the historical, political, cultural, economic, and social context of both anti- and pro-Americanism, in various parts of the globe. Prerequisite: Any previous course in cultural anthropology.

ANTH 370 - Latina/o Ethnography

Same as LLS 370. See LLS 370.

ANTH 372 - Topics in Lang & Culture

Advanced topics in language and culture. May be repeated in separate terms. Prerequisite: ANTH 104, ANTH 270, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 373 - Culture & Psychology

Same as PSYC 373. See PSYC 373.

ANTH 374 - Anth of Science and Technology

Examination of science as a cultural system. Utilizing ethnographic methods and social theories, the course will locate scientific knowledge, institutions and practices within enduring anthropological questions around rationality and truth, meaning, personhood, sociality, power inequalities, social transformations, and social justice. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

ANTH 375 - The Culture of Nature

Examines how the natural and the cultural are mutually-constitutive concepts, and investigates contemporary and historical constructions of notions of a natural world. We will see how these concepts have varied over time and among different social groups, with a special emphasis on the contemporary United States. Topics will include the idea of landscape and of nature as a resource to be used, appreciated, represented, controlled, or enjoyed. In addition, the course will feature a special unit on sustainability, and one devoted to analyzing our relationships to animals. Prerequisite: At least one anthropology course or a course in another social science.

ANTH 376 - Aztec Civilization

Detailed description and analysis of Aztec culture, society, and empire at c. 1500 AD, based primarily on ethnohistorical documentation. Topics covered include life cycle, family and society, political and economic organization, warfare, religion, and intellectual and aesthetic traditions. External relationships with neighboring peoples and the indigenous view of the Spanish conquest are considered. Prerequisite: ANTH 102, ANTH 103, or ANTH 105.

ANTH 379 - Medical Anthropology

Introduction to concepts and social aspects of health, illness, and curing in different cultures. Considers concepts of interaction between folk and modern medicine in developing nations and delivery of health care as an international social problem. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or ANTH 260, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 380 - Ethnography of the University

Introduces students to ethnographic research methods through research on the University of Illinois. Emphasizes qualitative research methods and institutional analysis. Student work builds on research done by prior students and student research is web archived. Reflection on and reconfiguration of research questions and hypotheses is encouraged as research projects proceed. Prerequisite: Any 100-level or 200-level sociocultural anthropology course: ANTH 103, ANTH 104, ANTH 230 etc.

ANTH 390 - Individual Study

Supervised reading and research on anthropological topics chosen by the student with staff approval. Especially (but not exclusively) for students who are preparing for a summer field-work project, or who have some justifiable reason for doing independent study, but who do not qualify for the honors (departmental distinction) courses. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing; 12 hours in anthropology; consent of instructor. May not be taken concurrently with ANTH 391 or ANTH 495.

ANTH 393 - The World of Jewish Sepharad

Study of the cultural legacy and history of the Sephardic Jews, mostly focusing on the Mediterranean and the thriving communities they established in countries of Muslim governance and in the Balkans, and more recently in America. The Judeo-Spanish language, which has been preserved until the end of the twentieth century, the press, literature and music are components of this course. Same as HIST 393 and REL 393. This course can be used to fulfill either Western or non-Western general education categories, but not both.

ANTH 399 - Special Topics

Topics are given on a one-time only, experimental basis. Faculty offer special topics in their areas of expertise that provide an opportunity for undergraduates to be exposed to some of the most current developments in faculty research. May be repeated.

ANTH 402 - Transnational Islam, Europe-US

Anthropological approach to transnational Islam, focusing on its various expressions in Europe and the United States, particularly since World War II. Same as ASST 402 and REL 409. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 403 - Women in Muslim Societies

Same as GLBL 403, GWS 403, HIST 434, REL 403, and SAME 403. See REL 403.

ANTH 404 - Disability, Culture & Society

Same as CHLH 407, KIN 407, and REHB 407. See CHLH 407.

ANTH 405 - Contemporary Central America

Explores cultural, political and historical processes in 20th- and 21st-century Central America--focusing on Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala--through an anthropological lens. Grapples with a core set of questions arising from changes in the global relations, including the rise of global neoliberalism, the crises and renovations of political projects, the transformations of spatial relations through transnational migration, and the proliferation of various pan-hemispheric as well as local identity-based movements. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or ANTH 182 or ANTH 230 or a course in Latin American history or consent of instructor.

ANTH 408 - Human Evolutionary Anatomy

Comprehensive, comparative study of musculoskeletal anatomy in primates, focusing on functional and adaptive changes that have occurred in the masticatory apparatus, facial skeleton, and locomotor systems of New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, apes, and humans. Relationships between morphology, ecology, and behavior are discussed, applied to the fossil record, and used to address current issues in human evolution. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 443 or ANTH 440 or ANTH 456 or a course in human or comparative vertebrate anatomy.

ANTH 409 - Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lab

Comparative detailed dissections of craniofacial, locomotor, neural, and alimentary systems in nonhuman primates, to understand the anatomical bases of human evolution. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Credit or concurrent registration in ANTH 408.

ANTH 411 - Research Methods in Socio-Cultural Anthropology

Exploration of qualitative forms of research used by sociocultural anthropologists when conducting field research. Emphasis is on formulating research questions, research design, and application of these ethnographic methods to a substantial research project. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 414 - Writing Ethnography

Addresses issues of the theoretical divide between the humanities and the social sciences, the unique authority of the scholar/author, and the invisibility of the reader in producing scholarly texts. Focusing on the ways in which scholars are also authors, we explore current debates by reading a selection of contemporary anthropological texts (and some prescient precursors) that boldly experiment with how ethnography is written. Students will experiment with several ethnographic writing styles. This course is designed for advanced undergraduate anthropology students and graduate students in cultural anthropology, writing studies, and education. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Undergraduate students should have already taken at least one 300-level course in cultural anthropology, and graduate students in cultural anthropology, writing studies, and education. Other students should contact the instructor.

ANTH 416 - Anthropology of Music

Same as MUS 416. See MUS 416.

ANTH 420 - Case Studies Global Heritage

Cultural heritage encompasses major domains of social, economic, political, religious and environmental practice and policy-making under today's conditions of globalization. Students will critically examine cultural heritage case studies from around the world. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 421 - Social Organization

Introduction to anthropological concepts of social organization and structure; considers kinship theory, descent and alliance systems, social stratification, nonkin association, social networks, group identification and boundaries, structural-functional interpretations of society, and the meaning of social or cultural structure. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 423 - Economic Anthropology

Covers the emergence of economic anthropology as a subdiscipline; considers various definitions of economics with their implications for the study of human society; emphasizes the relationship between social organization and economic life from the perspectives of classical studies in anthropology and their contemporary interpretations. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 230.

ANTH 425 - Anthropology of Education

Same as EPS 425 and EPSY 466. See EPS 425.

ANTH 430 - The History of Anthropology

Provides a selective overview of the history and historiography of anthropology in the 19th and 20th centuries. The class moves chronologically and topically, paying particular attention to the social, institutional, and historical contexts of paradigmatic shifts, the interconnections between various national traditions, and the negotiations of the discipline's boundaries. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Graduate or senior standing in anthropology, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 432 - Genes and Behavior

Same as IB 432, NEUR 432, and PSYC 432. See IB 432.

ANTH 434 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Same as IB 433. See IB 433.

ANTH 435 - The Neandertal Debate

A detailed investigation of the origin and biological adaptations of late archaic humans and the emergence of modern humans. Explores the practice and validity to using skeletal anatomy to interpret the behavior of past populations using evolutionary and comparative approaches. This course will interpret Neandertal biology and anatomy with particular emphasis on its relevance for theories about the origin and evolution of our species. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 240.

ANTH 436 - Biogeography

Same as ESE 439, GEOG 436, IB 439 and NRES 441. See IB 439.

ANTH 437 - Primate Behav Endocrinology

Introduction to behavioral endocrinology, focusing on primate, especially human behaviors. Examines the relationship between hormones and behavior using an evolutionary and comparative approach, considering both how hormones influences behavior and how behavioral interactions regulate endocrine physiology. The course covers basic endocrine system physiology and function, hormonal influences on primate social behaviors such as male and female reproductive behaviors, courtship, parental care, bonding and attachment, as well as aggression and territoriality. Other topics include stress, hormones, and health. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: IB 150 and ANTH 143; or an equivalent course in behavioral ecology, primate behavior, physiology or psychology; or consent of instructor.

ANTH 438 - Primate Life History Evolution

Life history seeks to explain why differences exist in the pathways that organisms follow from conception to death. Examination of the diversity in the evolution of primate (including human) life histories. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 102, ANTH 143, ANTH 240, ANTH 243 or equivalent.

ANTH 440 - Human Paleontology

Principles of evolution and a survey of human evolution from the early primates through the Pleistocene epoch; emphasis on evolutionary theory as applied to humans and interpretation of the fossil record. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 240 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 441 - Human Genetics

Principles of human genetics; anthropological aspects of race and race formation; and hereditary and environmental factors in the biological variation of modern humans. Same as ANSC 441. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or equivalent.

ANTH 443 - Primate Form and Behavior

Survey of primate social behavior and the classification, morphology, and distribution of living and extinct species; emphasis on interrelationships among behavior, biology, and ecology. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 240 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 444 - Methods in Bioanthropology

Supervised participation in biological anthropology research projects; techniques, methods, and procedures discussed and practiced under actual field or laboratory working conditions. Normally taken concurrently with ANTH 445. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Usually offered in the summer session only. Prerequisite: ANTH 240 or equivalent; consent of instructor.

ANTH 445 - Research in Bioanthropology

Analysis, interpretation, evaluation, and organization of field and laboratory data in biological anthropology; preparation of written reports on research. May be taken concurrently with ANTH 444 or subsequently. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Usually offered in the summer session only. Prerequisite: ANTH 240 or equivalent; consent of instructor.

ANTH 446 - Behavioral Inference & Fossils

Theories and methods for interpreting behaviors inferred from the human and primate fossil record. Topics include discussions of adaptation, methods of inference in historical sciences, and practical experimental approaches to understanding aspects of diet, locomotor behavior and social organization in species known only from the fossil record. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 240.

ANTH 447 - Advanced Skeletal Biology

Human skeletal and dental remains form the basis for research in both bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology. We will examine the bases for making inferences about individual skeletons and past populations, with particular emphasis placed on paleodemography, reconstruction of diet, paleopathology, and biological distance analysis. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 347.

ANTH 448 - The Prehistory of Africa

The study of cultural development in Africa from the appearance of hominids to the time of European domination. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 449 - North American Archeology

Methods, techniques, and results of archaeology in North America; focuses on divergent approaches to the regional archaeology of North America; and surveys and synthesizes the archaeology of the subcontinent. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 451 - Archaeological Surveying

Familiarization with methods used in the location and recording of archaeological sites, including techniques of mapping especially adapted to the needs of archaeology; attention given to means of presenting results and interpreting data derived from this work; and work both in the field and in the laboratory. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 452 - Stone Tool Technology Analysis

Lecture and laboratory on the principles and techniques of stone and bone artifact manufacture, identification, classification, metrical analysis, interpretation, and integration with other classes of archaeological evidence. Emphasis on the use of lithics to test human behavioral models. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220.

ANTH 453 - Landscape Archaeology

The use of archaeological, documentary, and oral history evidence to study and interpret the ways past peoples shaped their landscapes through the deployment of cultural and social practices, and the ways, in turn, that such people were influenced, motivated, or constrained by their natural surroundings. Same as LA 454. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Introductory archaeology course, such as ANTH 220, or introductory landscape architecture course, such as LA 215, and a 300 level course in socio-cultural anthropology or archaeology, or equivalent with instructor's permission.

ANTH 454 - Archaeological Field School

Participation in archaeological excavations; techniques, methods, and procedures discussed and practiced under actual working conditions. Normally taken concurrently with ANTH 455. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Usually offered in the summer session only. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 455 - Lab Analysis in Archaeology

Laboratory work including processing, classifying, dating, interpretation, evaluation, and preparation of written reports of archaeological research. May be taken concurrently with ANTH 454 or subsequently. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 459 - The Ancient Maya

Introduction to the Ancient Maya of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras. Evaluates theories that account for the rise and fall of Classic (c. A.D. 250-950) Maya rulership. Excavation data, inconography, and inscriptions are used to reconstruct political and social organization, ideology, subsistence activities, and inter-regional interactions. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 105.

ANTH 460 - Heritage Management

Detailed examination of the theoretical and practical issues of archaeological heritage management. Focusing on the legal, environmental, ethical, social, political, educational, and touristic aspects of the management of ancient sites for their continued sustainability. Same as LA 460 and RST 459. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 and at least one ANTH 300- or 400-level archaeological area course.

ANTH 461 - Hist of Archaeological Theory

Examines the prominent theories in archaeology from its inception to the present day and does so within the context of general developments in anthropological thought. Provides a foundation for graduate students and a capstone for major emphasizing archaeology. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: For undergraduates: ANTH 220; anthropology major with focus on archaeology; senior standing or consent of the instructor. For graduate students: enrollment in ANTH 430 during the same term advised.

ANTH 462 - Museum Theory and Practice

A foundational introduction to museology consisting of a critical examination of the history and social life of museums and how museums have been studied by scholars in a range of academic disciplines. Includes visits to campus and local museums. Same as ARTH 462 and LA 472. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 463 - Religion and Society

Course focuses on theoretical issues raised by religion. Does religion address itself essentially to intellectual, emotional or pragmatic issues? Is religion created by rulers, clerics or worshippers? How does the individual experience religion, and (how) can s/he reshape it? In exploring these and related issues, we will read the writings of German, French, and British social scientists of the past 150 years as well as work by contemporary anthropologists. Theoretical perspectives covered include symbolic, processual, materialist, structural-functionalist, structuralist, and postmodernist approaches. Same as REL 463. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: A 200-level course in cultural anthropology or consent of instructor; or graduate standing.

ANTH 465 - Oceania's Peoples and Cultures

Survey of the Pacific Islands; regional geography, human ecology, culture history, and ethnography of Melanesia, New Guinea, Polynesia, New Zealand, Micronesia, and Australia; and some consideration of Pacific ethnohistory and the role of Oceania in the modern world. Same as ASST 465. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 and ANTH 103, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 466 - Class, Culture and Society

Social hierarchies in a variety of cultural contexts; industrial societies and the process of industrialization; looks at other social forms for the purposes of comparison. A variety of social theories will be discussed and compared through ethnographic studies. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 103 and ANTH 230 or graduate standing.

ANTH 467 - Cultures of Africa

Culture and social organization in traditional African societies with emphasis on the politics, kinship, and religion of a small sample of societies illustrating the main cultural variations found in sub-Saharan Africa; some discussion of ecological factors and ethnic group relations in precolonial times. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 468 - Religions of Africa

Explores a variety of religious traditions and experiences in sub-Saharan Africa from an anthropological perspective. Local, indigenous traditions are emphasized, but African experiences of Islam and Christianity are also covered. Same as AFST 468 and REL 468. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: A 200-level course in cultural anthropology or consent of instructor; or graduate standing.

ANTH 469 - Kinship-Culture-Power-Africa

To present the classic approaches to kinship in anthropology that were developed for Africa; to explore the variety of kinship arrangements and strategies that exist in Africa; and to expose students to the panoply of contemporary critiques of classic works on kinship in Africa, and contemporary alternatives to them. Same as AFST 467. 2 or 4 undergraduate hours. 2 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: For students outside anthropology or African Studies, at least one previous course in cultural anthropology is strongly recommended.

ANTH 471 - Ethnography through Language

Overview of theoretical perspectives and methodologies in linguistic anthropology, including sociolinguistics, ethnography of communication, performance and poetics, discursive practices, and structural analyses. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or ANTH 270 and preferably both.

ANTH 472 - Border Latina, Latino Cultures

Explores and examines the production of U. S. Latina/Latino identities as instances of international, cultural, historical, and social border crossings. In both regional and global contexts, we will analyze the ways in which Mexican American, Cuban American and Puerto Rican identities have been shaped by colonial relations vis-a-vis Spain and by postcolonial conditions vis-a-vis the United States. Same as LLS 472. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 103, and ANTH 259 or ANTH 359.

ANTH 473 - Museums and Communities

Examination of museums and members of ethnographic source communities, and the development of new curatorial practices that incorporate source community needs and views. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 477 - Pottery Analysis

Introduction to the theories and techniques of pottery analysis for archaeologists. In addition to presentation and discussion of the major literature, there is hands-on practice making, drawing, breaking and analyzing pottery. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 478 - African Immigrants in Europe

Examines the pressing issues facing the new European Union as the realities of multicultural continent shape the daily lives of all. Begins with EU policy and theoretical models of immigration, but most readings emphasize perspectives of Africans' own experiences as immigrants and refugees in Europe. Same as AFST 478 and EURO 478. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: One prior 300-level anthropology or related social science course, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 479 - Race, Medicine, and Society

Same as AAS 479 and LLS 479. See LLS 479.

ANTH 481 - Andean Ethnography

Survey of Andean cultures at the time of the Spanish conquest, of their subsequent history, and of modern Indian culture in the Andean countries. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 182, ANTH 230 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 484 - Asian Diasporas

Comparative study of Asian diasporic communities in various world regions through ethnography. Introduces concepts of transnationalism, globalization, and modernity in relation to Asian migration in contemporary times. Same as AAS 484. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 184 or ANTH 284 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 486 - Peoples of Mainland SE Asia

Culture, cultural history, and social systems of mainland Southeast Asia: Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Assam Hills, upland southwestern China, and Malaya; emphasis on the interaction of complementary ethnic types in the context of local ecology and the Hindu-Buddhist systems of religion and politics of the lowland states. Same as ASST 486. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or ANTH 230, or consent of instructor.

ANTH 488 - Modern Europe

Historical studies which deploy anthropological methods in the study of early modern and modern Europe; looks at processes of twentieth century modernization through ethnographic studies. Western, Central and Eastern Europe will all receive attention, but the study of Western Europe will predominate. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANTH 103 and ANTH 230 or three history courses or graduate standing.

ANTH 489 - The Ethnography of Korea

Same as EALC 469. See EALC 469.

ANTH 494 - Honors Senior Thesis I

The first of a two-term individual study and research project for those students who are candidates for departmental distinction in anthropology. 2 to 4 undergraduate hours. No graduate credit. Prerequisite: Senior standing; 3.25 GPA in anthropology; and consent of instructor. May not be taken concurrently with ANTH 390.

ANTH 495 - Honors Senior Thesis II

The second of a two-term individual study and research project for those students who are candidates for departmental distinction in anthropology. 2 to 4 undergraduate hours. No graduate credit. Prerequisite: Senior standing; 3.25 GPA in anthropology; and consent of instructor. May not be taken concurrently with ANTH 390.

ANTH 496 - Individual Field Research

Supervised participation in field research in ethnography, ethnology, linguistics, or social anthropology; techniques, methods, and procedures discussed and practiced under actual working conditions. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Usually offered in the summer session only. Prerequisite: ANTH 230; some knowledge of the language of the area concerned; consent of instructor. Normally taken concurrently with ANTH 497.

ANTH 497 - Individual Field Data Analysis

Analysis, interpretation, evaluation, and organization of field data in cultural anthropology; preparation of written reports on research in ethnography, ethnology, linguistics, or social anthropology. May be taken concurrently with ANTH 496 or subsequently. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated if topics vary. Prerequisite: ANTH 230; some knowledge of the language of the area concerned; consent of instructor.

ANTH 498 - Senior Capstone Seminar

A guided independent research seminar for Anthropology majors normally taken during the Fall of the senior year. Students may select to conduct significant and original research in any of the four sub-fields of anthropology or combine interdisciplinary interests. Working closely with the course instructors and with additional guidance from a chosen anthropology faculty advisor, student will develop a research topic of their choice, identify significant research questions, before collecting and analyzing their field data. 3 undergraduate hours. No graduate credit.

ANTH 499 - Topics in Anthropology

Research seminar on specialized topics in anthropology. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 502 - Ethnicity and Nationalism

Examines ethnic and national identities, their interactions, and the implications for them and of them within increasingly translocal, transnational, and global historical contexts. 2 or 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 503 - Seminar on States & Governance

Explores theories of the state and governance through an anthropological perspective. Theoretical issues covered will include political economy, sovereignty, biopolitics, and empire across a range of social settings will attend to issues of race, class, gender, and sexuality. 4 graduate hours. No professional credit. May be repeated in separate terms up to 8 hours, if topics vary. Prerequisite: Grad Students only.

ANTH 504 - Colonialism & Postcolonialism

Course examines the history of colonialism and post-colonialism in anthropological perspective. The relations of history and anthropology are explored through ethnographic studies that problematize historical memory. Theoretical works about colonized people will be debated and discussed. Same as HIST 519. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ANTH 505 - Global Modernities

Examines the notion of "alternative" modernities: is "modernity" always imitative of the West, or under globalization does it emerge independently in local cultures? Does it obliterate local "tradition", or can it function as site of creativity and resistence? What are its implications for anthropological fieldwork methods and writing styles? Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

ANTH 508 - Feminism, Gender and Sexuality

Theoretical issues raised in recent feminist writings in anthropology. Theoretical approaches to be explored include constructionist, postmodern, textual and historical materialist perspectives. Selected contemporary ethnographies introduce the integration of feminist theory into data analysis. Same as GWS 508. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

ANTH 511 - Research Proposal Seminar

This seminar guides graduate students in designing a doctoral research project and writing a grant proposal. Focus is on developing a cogent theoretical framework, articulating significance of the project, identifying appropriate research methods, and considering ethical issues. Seminar format allows regular feedback from peers to clarify and hone ideas. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor.

ANTH 512 - Language in Culture I

This first of our two core theoretical courses in linguistic anthropology pays particular attention to language in culture. Examines the historical development of the field and its debates, and its relationships with socio-cultural anthropology. Develops theoretical and critical analytical skills needed in contemporary ethnographic research. Same as LING 512. Approved for both letter and S/U grading. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ANTH 514 - Seminar in Cognitive Science

Same as PSYC 514, CS 549, EPSY 551, LING 570, PHIL 514. See PSYC 514.

ANTH 515 - Seminar in Anthropology

Analysis of selected topics of special interest in anthropology. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours in the same or subsequent semesters.

ANTH 517 - Anthro Approach to Memory

Examines individual memory, the construction of memories in collective practice, and the orchestration of memory in social institutions such as museums and ritual. Reflects critically on primary sources, to integrate theory and ethnography and to compare alternative approaches. Approved for both letter and S/U grading. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ANTH 518 - Language in Culture II

Part II of the core theoretical seminar in linguistic anthropology. Continues examination of historical developments in the sub-field and its debates, and relationships with socio-cultural anthropology. Develops theoretical and critical analytical skills needed in contemporary ethnographic research. Same as LING 518. Prerequisite: Graduate Standing.

ANTH 520 - Cultural Heritage Proseminar

Broad introduction to the most current perspectives on cultural heritage theory and practice based on state-of-the-art lectures from faculty in multiple departments across campus. Each professor synthesizes the key ideas from his/her discipline and illustrates this material with a case study from his/her own research. The course provides students with a fundamental corpus of knowledge in the cultural heritage field and prepares them for further coursework and training in this field. 1 graduate hour. No professional credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.

ANTH 523 - Dynamic Embodiment

Examines anthropological theories and methods for understanding systems of body movement and performance in cultural contexts. Explores the study of everyday skills as well as the expressive complexities of dances, gestural systems, sacred and secular ritual, sign languages, sports, theater, and martial arts. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ANTH 532 - Dissertation Writing Seminar

Through reading style handbooks, theoretical works on the nature of writing, and published dissertations in anthropology, as well as completing specific dissertation writing assignments, this course provides a forum for advanced doctoral students to outline and complete substantial work on their doctoral thesis. The class format is a workshop in which every student circulates dissertation chapters for discussion by the instructor and other class members. Prerequisite: Students must have completed all requirements for the Ph.D. in anthropology but the dissertation, and they must have completed their doctoral fieldwork.

ANTH 540 - Seminar in Bioanthropology

Seminar designed to involve students in the theoretical and methodological approaches to problem areas in physical anthropology. May be repeated. Prerequisite: ANTH 440, ANTH 441, or ANTH 443; consent of instructor.

ANTH 541 - Ontogeny and Phylogeny

Investigation of how ontogeny (growth and development) relates to phylogeny (evolutionary change) across the course of human evolution. Focuses on the exceptional nature of human size and shape development and its evolution, with particular attention to the evolution of the human skull and brain. Prerequisite: ANTH 102, ANTH 240, ANTH 440 or equivalent.

ANTH 543 - Seminar in Primate Ecology

Group discussions and individual presentations of research reports and problems in fields of primate ethology, ecology, evolution, and related subjects; topics vary each term. 2 or 4 graduate hours. No professional credit. May be repeated in separate terms. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 552 - Res Prob in Archaeology

Seminar oriented to current research problems in archaeology, designed to acquaint students with theoretical and methodological aspects of particular problems and to develop a critical perspective archaeological research. May be repeated. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 555 - The Archaeology of Complexity

Examines patterns of behavior archaeologists associate with complex societies and seeks to understand if and how these behaviors generate and/or reflect cultural complexity; theoretical literature and case studies discussed. Major topics include chiefdoms, settlement pattern analysis, and ideology. Prerequisite: Graduate student standing.

ANTH 557 - Social Construction of Space

Consideration of anthropological, archaeological, and related disciplinary perspectives on space, place, landscape, the built environment, and architecture. Coursework encompasses critical review of major theoretical literature and case studies of ancient and modern societies. Same as LA 562. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 559 - Social Norms and Law

Exploration of the interaction of social norms and formal legal rules. Norms provide social rules of expected behavioral responses to particular situations, often accompanied by the threat of informal sanctions, and provide cognitive categories for perceiving and ordering one's experiences. Explores these subjects using examples from various areas of legal doctrine, such as property, contracts and bargaining, crime, torts, and taxation; examines related studies in historical and non-Western cultures and considers the uses of anthropology in studying facets of our own legal system. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 560 - Anthropology and Law

Introduction to the field of legal anthropology. Addresses anthropological theories of the nature of law and disputes, examines related studies of legal structures in non-Western cultures, and considers the uses of anthropology in studying facets of our own legal system. Same as LAW 678. 4 graduate hours. 3 professional hours. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 561 - Archaeological Theory

Contemporary theory in archaeology. Different theoretical approaches are examined by critically analyzing seminal literature within the contexts of paradigmatic shifts in archaeology and general developments in the discipline of anthropology, focuses on materiality and corporality. Prerequisite: ANTH 461 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 562 - Archaeology and Racialization

Study of theories and methods for archaeological and historical analysis of processes of racialization in past societies. Subjects include the interrelation of racializing ideologies with other cultural and social dimensions, such as class, ethnicity, gender, political and legal structures, and economic influences. Same as AFRO 562. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 565 - Race and Cultural Critique

Same as AAS 561, AFRO 531, GWS 561, and LLS 561. See AAS 561.

ANTH 570 - Cultural Aspects of Tourism

Same as RST 570. See RST 570.

ANTH 589 - Readings in Anthropology

Individual guidance in intensive readings in the literature of one or more subdivisions of the field of anthropology, selected in consultation with the adviser in accordance with the needs and interest of the student. May be repeated in the same or separate semesters as topics vary. Prerequisite: One semester of graduate work in anthropology; consent of advisor.

ANTH 590 - Dissertation Readings

Supervised individual investigation or study of a topic not covered by regular courses. The topic selected by the student and the proposed plan of study are approved by the adviser and the staff member who supervises the work. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 594 - Cultural Heritage

Same as LA 594. See LA 594.

ANTH 599 - Thesis Research

Preparation of theses. Approved for S/U grading only.